Updated: 7 June 2016 - 4:06pm by C. Balaguer
The main objective of this research area is to introduce the new automation and robotics processes in the construction sector. The aim is not only to increase productivity, but also to improve work safety and hygiene conditions.
Europe is facing a fast growing need for affordable, high quality housing, which can not be solved by means of traditional or conventional building technology and its associated methods of construction. One of the solutions to this problem is the application of high quality modular construction. This construction technology states building process as the assembly of pre-fabricated modules i.e. initially a modular design of the construction project is obtained, then these modules are produced in a factory, and finally, they are assembled on the construction site. The use of pre-fabrication leads to the following advantages: a) structuring of the construction process allows to apply automation and robotics and to apply computer integrated construction methods (Computer-Aided Design, Planning, Control and Supervision tools), b) reduction of the health risks of workers and improving their working conditions, c)increasing building process predictability (building process is less affected by weather conditions, there is a greater control on materials use and supply) and d) decreasing waste and increasing productivity.